CRC Sessions and Webcasting

During its sessions, The Committee conducts dialogue with the States who have ratified the Convention and/or its Optional Protocols in order to assess progress and shortfalls in their implementation.

The session are broadcasted live by the UN Web TV. The link to the webcast is then posted on the session page together with the audio recording.

The webcast is a unique opportunity to raise awareness and do advocacy on the CRC reporting at national level, either by gathering children’s rights defenders around the live webcast or by using the recorded videos for follow-up activities, advocacy actions or capacity-building activities, especially with children.

CRC Sessions and pre-sessions overviews

Child Rights Connect follows all the sessions produces its own summary country reports, highlighting reporting status, main issues discussed and main recommendations included in the Concluding Observations.

1. List of States reviewed (Reviewed Reports, Concluding Observations, Child Rights Connect Session Reports)

At its 80th session (14 January– 01 February 2019) the Committee reviewed the reports and issued Concluding Observations for seven States:

2. Children’s participation Monitoring and Analysis

Analysis of how children’s participation was addressed by the Committee on the Rights of the Child during its 80th Session – available soon

3. Status of ratifications (as of April 2019)

  • 196 States parties to the CRC
  • 168 States parties to the OPAC
  • 176 States parties to the OPSC – Marshall Islands acceded to OPSC since the last session
  • 44 States parties to the OPIC – Tunisia, Marshall Islands, State of Palestine acceded to OPIC since the last session

4. Status of work on General Comments (as of April 2019)

  • The draft revision of General Comment 10 on children’s rights in the administration of justice, to be known as General Comment 24, was opened for comment in December 2018.
  • The Committee called for input to a General Comment on children’s rights in relation to the digital environment.

5. The Day of General Discussion 

  • An open call for proposal of themes for the 2020 DGD was launched.

6. Status of individual communications under the Optional Protocol on a communications procedure

The Committee adopted three decisions on individual complaints: 4/2016, 14/2017, 15/2017.

7. Status of Simplified Reporting Procedure (SRP)

  • The Committee adopted the List of Issues Prior to Reporting (LOIPR) for the review of Luxembourg under the SRP.
  • The Secretariat of the Committee published on its webpage more information about the SRP, including a calendar of review of State parties.

8. Relevant activities of the Committee around the session

  • The Committee adopted guidelines for interim measures under the Third Optional Protocol on a Communication Procedure, OPIC.
  • The Committee put out a call for comments on its draft guidelines for the implementation of the Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, OPSC.
  • The Committee held an informal meeting with States during which it discussed a range of topics, including the 2018 DGD, reprisals, OPIC, the 30th anniversary of the Convention, the 2020 Treaty bodies review process, and the Committee’s work on General Comments on children’s rights in the administration of justice
  • The CRC Committee sent its contribution to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in response to a call for inputs by the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF).

9. Relevant activities of Child Rights Connect during the session

  • Alongside OHCHR, ILO, IOM, WHO, UNICEF and UNHCR, a statement was made by Ilaria Paolazzi for Child Rights Connect in which she highlighted how empowering the 2018 DGD was for children human rights defenders and stressed the importance of our close partnership with the CRC Committee and of using the convention’s 30th anniversary year to put child participation in the spotlight. A statement was also delivered by High Commissioner Michelle Bachelet, in which she referred to and quoted DGD Child Advisors Nayeli, Konstantinos and Kurt and welcomed the Child Rights Connect network.
  • Child Rights Connect hosted a reception for the Committee, to thank and say goodbye to the four Committee members whose term came to an end this session: Kirsten Sandberg, Hatem Kotrane, Bernard Gastaud and Jorge Cardona Llorens.
  • A meeting was held during the session between Child Rights Connect and the Committee’s Working Group on the SRP, in which we shared feedback from civil society organisations with the Committee.

10. 82nd Pre-Session

The Committee held the pre-session meetings and issued List of Issues for the following States:

  • Australia (CRC)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina (CRC)
  • Mozambique (CRC)
  • Portugal (CRC)
  • The Republic of Korea (CRC)
  • Luxembourg (LOIPR)
  • Georgia (OPAC, OPSC)
  • Panama (OPAC)

1. List of States reviewed (Reviewed Reports, Concluding Observations, Child Rights Connect Session Reports)

At its 79th session (14 May – 01 June 2018) the Committee reviewed the reports and issued Concluding Observations for six States

2. Children’s participation Monitoring and Analysis
Analysis of how children’s participation was addressed by the Committee on the Rights of the Child during its 79th Session

3. Status of ratifications (as of October 2018)

  • 196 States parties to the CRC
  • 168 States parties to the OPAC– State of South Soudan acceded to OPAC by increasing the number of States to one more since the last session (14 May – 1 June)
  • 175 States parties to the OPSC – State of South Soudan to OPSC by increasing the number of States to one more since the last session (14 May – 1 June)
  • 41 States parties to the OPIC –Ecuador ratified, and San Marino acceded to the OPIC, bringing the number of States parties to 41, two more since the last session (14 May – 1 June).

4. Status of work on General Comments (as of October 2018)

The Committee (working group headed by Ms Skelton) had continued with the revision of General Comment 10 (2007) on Children’s rights on juvenile justice.

5. The Day of General Discussion (2018)

On the 28th September 2018, the Committee held a Day of General Discussion on “Protecting and empowering Children as Human’s Rights Defenders” at the Palais des Nations. The Committee thanked the children’s Advisory Team, Child Rights Connect, and OHCHR for the support. The event was defined by the Chairperson as “a real child participatory event, where we talk about children with children”.

Here you can find more information .

6. Status of individual communications under the Optional Protocol on a communications procedure

  • During the 79th session, the Committee had also reviewed two communications:
    11/2017, N.B.F vs Spain
    12/2016, C.E. vs Belgium
  • On Spain and Belgium finding a violation in both. With regard to inquiry cases under article 13, with reference to case 2015/1, the Committee had decided not to designate members to conduct an inquiry under article 13, paragraph 2, of the OPIC.
  • 12/2016, C.E. vs Belgium
    – On 27 September 2018, the Committee on the Rights of the Child released decisions on one case, against Belgium under the Optional Protocol on a Communications Procedure (OPIC).
    Facts : The case against Belgium was about a Moroccan married coupled living in Belgium, tutors under the Kafala regime of C.E., a Maroccan girl abandoned by her mother and of an unknown father. Kafala does not give the right to filiation or inheritance so they were unable to apply for a visa on the basis of family reunification to bring C.E. to Belgium. Therefore, they submitted an application for a long-stay humanitarian visa but the Belgian authorities reputedly denied her a visa.
    – The complaint against Belgium consisted of an allegation by the authors that, during all the administrative procedure, the authorities did not taken into account the best interest of the child stated in article 3, as well as the article 12: the authorities never listened to C.E. They also alleged a violation of the article 10 of the Convention. Article 2 were also violated; according to them, the fact that the C.E. has the nationality of a country which has an institution different from adoption, the Kafala, constitutes an obstacle to family reunification in Belgium.
    Examination of admissibility: according to the Committee he authors have exhausted all available and effective domestic remedies and, therefore, the complaint is admissible.
    Examination as to the merits: The Committee concluded that the State party did not concretely consider the best interests of the child when assessing the visa application for the C.E., and did not respect his or her right to be heard, in violation of articles 3 and 12 of the Convention. Having found a violation of articles 3, 10 and 12 of the Convention, the Committee does not consider it necessary to consider whether the same facts constitute a violation of article 2. On article 10, the Committee recognized that this article do not gives a right to family reunification in general. However, the Committee recalled that, in determining the best interests of the child in order to accept or refuse the visa application, the State party is under an obligation to take into consideration the de facto links between the child and the authors. Moreover, it also recalled the definition of family under article 5 of the Convention.        The Committee, acting under article 10, paragraph 5, of the OPIC, notes that the facts before it disclose a violation of articles 3, 10 and 12 of the Convention.  The State party is obliged to review the visa application for EC as a matter of urgency and in a positive spirit, ensuring that the best interests of the child are a primary consideration and that C.E. is heard. In considering the best interests of the child, the State party should take into account the de facto family ties forged between the C.E. and the authors.
  • 11/2017, N.B.F vs Spain:
  • Facts: The complaint against Spain consisted of an allegation by the author that the process of determining the age to which the author, who claimed to be a minor, was subjected violated his rights under the Convention. In particular, the author has argued that this process did not take into consideration the best interests of the child both because of the type of medical evidence on which his age was based and because of the lack of a guardian or representative during the age determination process.
  • Examination as to the merits: The Committee considers that the process of determining the age to which the author, who claimed to be a child, was subjected did not have the necessary guarantees to protect his rights under the Convention. The Committee considers that the best interests of the child were not taken as a primary consideration in the procedure of determining the age to which the author was subjected, in violation of articles 3 and 12 of the Convention. Pursuant to article 11 of the Optional Protocol, the Committee wishes to receive from the State party, as soon as possible and within 180 days, information about the measures taken to give effect to the Committee’s Views.
  • Thus far, the Committee has considered 12 cases, 6 have been declared inadmissible, and four cases has been discontinued. Find the Committee’s jurisprudence here.
  • See the table of pending cases before the Committee here.

7. Status of Simplified Reporting Procedure (SRP)

The Committee has adopted the List of Issues Prior to Reporting (LOIPR) for the review of Poland under the SRP.

8. Relevant activities of the Committee around the session

  • On the 21th September, the CRC Committee members had a meeting with the CRPD Committee members to discuss cooperation of the two bodies with view strengthening the effectiveness and action of the two bodies and creating a joint working groups, with – inter alia- a particular focus on  child participation, as well as children with disabilities in alternative care.
  • On the 9th of October, on the oral report on the work of the Committee on the Rights of the Child during the 73rd session of the United Nation General Assembly, Renate Winter spoke about the DGD. She highlighted how children and children’s views were crucial in the organization and running of the DGD.
  • During the week of the 9th October, the Working Group on child participation headed by Ms Sandberg discussed, jointly with the Working Group on Participation, the follow-up to the DGD regarding child participation.

9. Relevant activities of Child Rights Connect during the session (as of October 2018)

  • During the session, the organization of Day of General Discussion, as well the Day itself was the focus of Child Rights Connect’ s work.
  • On the 27th and 29th September Child Rights Connect held a briefing and debriefing workshop related to the DGD for all the child participants.
  • During these two days of workshop, Child Rights Connect organized a meeting for the children’s Advisory Team with the Members of the Committee.

10. 81st Pre-Session

The Committee held the pre-session meetings and issued List of Issues for the following  States:

  • Botswana (CRC)
  • Cabo Verde(CRC)
  • Côte Ivoire (CRC)
  • Malta (CRC)
  • Singapore (CRC)
  • Tonga(CRC)
  • Sri Lanka (OPSC)
  • Poland (SRP)

1. List of States reviewed (Reviewed Reports, Concluding Observations, Child Rights Connect Session Reports)

At its 78th session (14 May – 01 June 2018) the Committee reviewed the reports and issued Concluding Observations for eight States

2. Children’s participation Monitoring and Analysis
Analysis of how children’s participation was addressed by the Committee on the Rights of the Child during its 78th Session.

3. Status of ratifications (as of April 2018)

  • 196 States parties to the CRC
  • 167 States parties to the OPAC
  • 174 States parties to the OPSC – State of Palestine acceded to OPSC, bringing the number of States parties to 174, one more since the last session (11 September – 29 September 2017).
  • 39 States parties to the OPIC – Bosnia Herzegovina and Slovakia ratified the OPIC, bringing the number of States parties to 39, two more since the last session (15 January – 09 February).

4. Status of work on General Comments (as of July 2018)

The Committee has continued with the revision of General Comment 10 on juvenile justice which will be finalised in September 2018. It will then start to work on a new General Comment on digital media and children’s rights.

5. Status of work on Day of General Discussion (as of July 2018)

Child Rights Connect has released a child friendly version of the concept note and has launched a global consultation with children human rights defenders. The DGD programme will be available soon.

6. Status of individual communications under the Optional Protocol on a communications procedure

  • On 1 June 2018, the Committee on the Rights of the Child released decisions on a total of four cases, one against Germany, two against Spain and one against Denmark under the Optional Protocol on a Communications Procedure (OPIC). The Committee has discontinued the first two cases and the last two were considered inadmissible.
  • The case against Denmark was about a deportation of family with child to Afghanistan, where they claim a risk of persecution based on their alleged conversion from Islam, arguing that it violated the prohibition of discrimination, best interests of the child, protection of the child against all forms of violence or ill treatment. The Committee decided that the case was inadmissible on the basis that the authors have failure to justify a personal risk of a serious violation of A.Y.’s rights upon return to Afghanistan. The Committee therefore considered that this part of the communication was also insufficiently substantiated and declares it inadmissible under article 7 (f) of the Optional Protocol.
  • The complaint against Spain consisted of an allegation by the author that, during the age determination procedure, the best interests of the child recognized in article 3 of the Convention were not taken into account. He pointed out that, as the Committee had noted, there was no uniform protocol for the protection of unaccompanied children at the national level in the State party. Thus, the methods used to determine the age of these children vary according to the Autonomous Community concerned. The Committee had noted that the Algerian consulate in Barcelona issued a temporary passport (laissez passer) in the name of the author, stating that his date of birth was 9 December 1997, a date that would coincide with that indicated by the author in his application for asylum. Therefore, the Committee found out that the case was inadmissible.
  • Thus far, the Committee has considered 11 cases, 7 have been declared inadmissible, and three cases has been discontinued. Find the Committee’s jurisprudence here.
  • See the table of pending cases before the Committee here.

7. Status of Simplified Reporting Procedure (SRP)

The Committee has adopted its first List of Issues Priori to Reporting (LOIPR) for the review of Hungary and Croatia under the SRP.

8. Relevant activities of the Committee during the session

Olga Khazova attended the Chairperson’s meeting in New York that took place during the CRC session, from 28 May to 1 June. Watch the webcast of the meeting  as well as the side event that TBNet organised on TB elections. Child Rights Connect submitted two joint NGO submissions for the Chairpersons’ meeting, you can find them here and here.

9. Relevant activities of Child Rights Connect during the session (as of July 2018)

  • Child Rights Connect met several times with the Committee during the session and pre-session to discuss matters related to child participation and the organisation of this year’s Day of General Discussion.
  • Child Rights Connect met with Committee members, OHCHR and UNICEF to discuss a joint plan of collaboration with the CRPD Committee in eight of the Annual Day of the Child in 2019 and the CRPD General Comment on the participation of persons with disabilities.

10. 80th Pre-Session

The Committee held the pre-session meetings and issued List of Issues for the following seven States:

  • Bahrain (OPSC, OPAC)
  • Belgium (CRC)
  • Italy (CRC)
  • Guinea (CRC)
  • Czech Republic (CRC)
  • Hungary (CRC)
  • Croatia (CRC)
  • Syria (CRC)

1. List of States reviewed (Reviewed Reports, Concluding Observations, Child Rights Connect Session Reports)

At its 77th session (15 January – 02 February) the Committee reviewed the reports and issued Concluding Observations for eight States:

2. Children’s participation Monitoring and Analysis
Analysis of how children’s participation was addressed by the Committee on the Rights of the Child during its 77th Session.

3. Status of ratifications (as of April 2018)

  • 196 States parties to the CRC
  • 167 States parties to the OPAC
  • 174 States parties to the OPSC – State of Palestine acceded to OPSC, bringing the number of States parties to 174, one more since the last session (11 September – 29 September 2017).
  • 37 States parties to the OPIC – Brazil and Turkey ratified the OPIC, bringing the number of States parties to 37, two more since the last session (11 September – 29 September 2017).

4. Status of work on General Comments (as of April 2018)

  • On Friday 9 February, the CRC Committee decided to work on the development of a new General Comment focusing on children’s rights and digital media. The Committee will start working on this new General Comment only once the revision of General Comment No. 10 on Children’s rights in juvenile justice will be over.

5. Status of work on Day of General Discussion (as of April 2018)

  • After accepting Child Rights Connect’s proposal to hold its 2018 Day of General Discussion on the topic “Protecting and empowering children human rights defenders”, the Committee has adopted the Concept Note, informed by the findings of children’s consultations across Africa, Asia, Latin America and Europe.
  • The DGD is a long-term project aimed to create a global movement for children human rights defenders around the 20th anniversary of the Declaration on Human Rights Defenders.
  • The Child Rights Connect Secretariat has set up a Taskforce of members, as well as an expert advisory group which include the UN Special Rapporteur on human rights defenders.
  • Child Rights connect has set up Child’s Advisory Team composed of 20 Child Advisors. In March 2018, we have concluded our 3-day workshop with Child Advisors of the DGD Children’s Advisory Team here in Geneva and many of the other Child Advisors participated by offering their inputs online, including developing the DGD programme, the children’s consultation methodology, a child-friendly DGD concept note and the UN Committee’s DGD child participation Working Methods.
  • Child Rights Connect will be supporting a global round of DGD children’s consultations to be taken forward by the Children’s Advisory Team, by our members and partners, including by adults and children themselves, between March and June 2018.
  • A call for submissions from adults and children is available on the Committee’s webpage (deadline 1st July 2018). Child Rights Connect will continue to engage with children to gather their views and recommendations before, during and after the DGD.
  • At the opening of the session, Deputy High Commissioner Kate Gilmore praised CRC Committee for choosing Children Human Rights Defenders as the topic of the next DGD and said that the creativity of Children Human Rights Defenders are crucial for the youth quake.

6. Status of individual communications under the Optional Protocol on a communications procedure

  • On 2 February 2018, the Committee on the Rights of the Child released decisions on two cases against France and Denmark under the Optional Protocol on a Communications Procedure (OPIC). The first was considered inadmissible and the latter is the first case to be found as a violation under the best interest of the child principle, discrimination and violence against children as included in the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
    The case against France concerned the eviction of a family with children from a Roma camp, with the authors arguing for violations of human rights on the basis of the best interest of the child principle, right to housing, right to health, right to education, discrimination based on ethnicity and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment. The case was considered inadmissible on the basis of ratione temporis and, as such, the Committee will engage in no further action regarding it.
    The case against Denmark claimed that the deportation of a girl to Somalia, where she could face the risk of being forcefully subjected to female genital mutilation, would violate the best interest of the child principle, prohibition of discrimination and protection against all forms of violence or ill treatment. The Committee found the claims made by the authors on behalf of the alleged victim to be in violation of the CRC and OPIC.
    Read the full decisions here http://bit.ly/2DWgAtn and http://bit.ly/2DUjVco
  • At the closing session, the current Chairperson Ms. Renate Winter informed that the Committee was reviewing 39 registered communications, out of which 31 had been registered in 2017, which was a sharp increase in the number of cases coming in, mainly related to migration.  Some 125 cases had been received but not yet registered.
  • Thus far, in addition to the new case against France, three cases have been declared inadmissible ( J.A.B.S. v. Costa Rica,  A.A.A. v. Spain and  A.H.A. v. Spain), and one case has been discontinued (case No. 9).  Find the Committee’s jurisprudence here.
  • See the table of pending cases before the Committee here.

7. Status of Simplified Reporting Procedure (SRP)

The Committee is taking a progressive approach and is inviting more States at the end of every session:

  • Due between 1 September and 31 December 2019: Russia, Luxembourg, Croatia (opted-in), Indonesia, Hungary (opted-in), Kyrgyzstan and Congo.
  • Due between 1 January and 30 April 2020: Poland (opted-in), Tanzania, Dominican Republic, and Timor Leste
  • Due between 30 April 2020 and 31 August 2020: Ethiopia, Iraq, Venezuela, India, Morocco, Saint Lucia, and the United Arab Emirates
  • Due between 31 August 2020 and 31 December 2020: Ghana, Eritrea, Netherlands (opted-in), Honduras, Fiji, Switzerland (opted-in), Turkmenistan, and Mexico
  • Countries invited in February 2018, due between 1 January and 30 April 2021:  Bangladesh, Benin, Brazil, Chile, France, Gabon, Gambia, Haiti, Mauritius, Peru, Senegal, Suriname, Sweden, Zambia, Zimbabwe

8. Relevant activities of the Committee during the session

  • On the 1st February 2018, the Committee on the Rights of the Child held its tenth informal meeting with States, during which it discussed, inter alia, the launch of the two joint General Comments with the Committee on Migrant Workers, the day of general discussion on children as human rights defenders, the global study on the situation of children deprived of liberty, the simplified reporting procedure, budgetary allocations for children’s issues, the new structure of the concluding observations, and the revision of General Comment No. 10 on children’s rights in juvenile justice.
  • The meeting started with an intervention from the Chairperson, Ms Renate Winter, who highlighted the cooperation with Child Rights Connect and children themselves. Acknowledging the difficulties for States to fulfil their reporting obligations, the Committee appealed more States to join the simplified reporting procedure, with the current number standing at four.
  • In regards to the OPIC, the Committee noted that 39 cases were registered in 2017, a sharp increase from 2016, and underlined that most of the cases were related to migration issues. The Committee also announced that one decision on the merits of a case had been taken during this session but was not yet publicly available.
  • On the Day of General Discussion, the Committee recognised the importance and difficulty of the topic of children human rights defenders and appealed States to organise side events for it.
  • As for the 20th anniversary of the Declaration on Human Rights Defenders, the Committee asked for State engagement and said it has been cooperating with the Special Rapporteur on this matter, conducting consultations and organising a workshop in March.
  • On the 30th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Committee said it would be organising monthly events with different stakeholders.

9. Relevant activities of Child Rights Connect during the session (as of April 2018)

  • Child Rights Connect met several times with the Committee during the session and pre-session to discuss matters related to child participation and the organisation of this year’s Day of General Discussion.
  • The intersessional event co-sponsored by Child Rights Connect, the Permanent Mission of the European Union, the Permanent Mission of Uruguay, UNICEF and ICVA on the topic of the rights of the child in humanitarian situations took place on 9th February 2018. CRC Committee member Benyam Mezmur chaired the event.

10. Committee and OHCHR issues and priorities

  • Emphasis on the importance of promoting the voices of children in their activities, with Kate Gilmore (UN Deputy High Commissioner for Human Rights) complementing the choice to have the next Day of General Discussion be on children human rights defenders;
  • Need to improve access to healthcare and education to children, especially girls;
  • Need to fight age-based inequality and the unequal distribution of wealth, which greatly affects children;
  • Treaty body strengthening.

11. 79th pre-session

The Committee held the pre-session meetings and issued List of Issues for the following six States

  • Benin (OPSC, OPAC)
  • El Salvador (CRC)
  • Japan (CRC)
  • Lao People’s Democratic Republic (CRC)
  • Mauritania (CRC)
  • Niger (CRC, OPSC)
  • Saudi Arabia (OPSC, OPAC)

Deadlines for additional information from children’s rights defenders here.

12. Closing session
The Committee continued its work towards the enhancing of its working methods, namely through the simplified reporting procedure.

1. List of States reviewed (Reviewed Reports, Concluding Observations, Child Rights Connect Session Reports)
At its 76th session (11 September – 29 September) the Committee reviewed the reports and issued Concluding Observations for eight States:

2. Children’s participation Monitoring and Analysis
Analysis of how children’s participation was addressed by the Committee on the Rights of the Child during its 76th Session.

3. Status of ratifications (as of October 2017)

  • 196 States parties to the CRC
  • 167 States parties to the OPAC – The Central African Republic acceded to OPAC during the session, bringing the number of States parties to 167, one more since the last session (15 May – 2 June 2017).
  • 173 States parties to the OPSC
  • 35 States parties to the OPIC – Cyprus ratified the OPIC during the session, bringing the number of States parties to 35, one more since the last session.

4. Status of work on General Comments (as of October 2017)

  • In June 2017, the Committee published its General Comment No. 21 on children in street situations (adopted in January 2017).
  • On 29 September 2017, the Committee adopted two joint general comments on children in the context of migration prepared together with the Committee on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families. In relation to the two joint general comments, regional consultations had been organized by the Human Rights Treaties Branch, in cooperation with UNICEF and other partners, in Geneva, Madrid, Bangkok, Berlin, Mexico City, Beirut and Dakar.
  • The Committee will decide in January 2018 which new General Comment it will develop.

5. Status of work on Day of General Discussion (as of October 2017)

  • At its closing session, the Committee announced that it had accepted Child Rights Connect’s proposal to hold its 2018 Day of General Discussion on the topic “Protecting and empowering children human rights defenders”.
  • With the support of its members, Child Rights Connect will oversee the planning and implementation of the DGD. The Child Rights Connect Secretariat is currently setting up a Taskforce of members, as well as a group of Child Advisors, and an expert advisory group which include the UN Special Rapporteur on human rights defenders and the International Service for Human Rights.

6. Status of individual communications under the Optional Protocol on a communications procedure

  • At the closing session , the current Chairperson Ms. Renate Winter informed that the Committee was reviewing 32 registered communications, out of which 27 had been received in 2017.
  • Some 125 cases had been received but not yet registered.
  • Thus far, three cases have been declared inadmissible ( J.A.B.S. v. Costa Rica,  A.A.A. v. Spain and  A.H.A. v. Spain), and one case has been discontinued (case No. 9).  Find the Committee’s jurisprudence here.
  • See the table of pending cases before the Committee here.

7. Relevant activities of the Committee during the session

  • The Committee’s WG on child participation decided to develop working methods on children’s participation in Days of General Discussion and invited Child Rights Connect to its first meeting to brainstorm on the content and outline of the document that will be developed. The Committee welcomed Child Rights Connect’s suggestions and will ask for further inputs.
  • On 28 September 2017, the Committee’s General Comment No. 21 on children in street situations was launched at the Palais des Nations. The event was jointly organized by the Consortium for Street Children, the OHCHR, Uruguay, and the EU. The current Chairperson of the Committee, Ms. Renate Winter, delivered the opening and closing remarks, and Mr. Bernard Gastaud, member of the Committee and Coordinator for the Working Group for drafting the General Comment, spoke in the panel. Watch the broadcast of the event on the Consortium for Street Children’s Facebook page, and see the EU:s press release about the event here.
  • On 5 October, the Committee arranged a film screening on children’s participation in the Day of General Discussion. The film was produced by the Scottish Children’s Parliament, and told the experience of the children who came to Geneva during the Committee’s last Day of General Discussion.
  • On 26 September, the CRC Committee sponsored a Human Rights Council side-event on comprehensive national child protection systems. The Committee’s Chairperson Ms. Renate Winter took part in the event, outlining key messages from General Comment No. 5 on General Measures of Implementation of the CRC. The event was organized by the Permanent Mission of Chile and was co-sponsored by the Permanent Missions of Uruguay and Morocco, from which positive steps and challenges in comprehensive child protection systems were shared. Discussions included training, interdepartmental budgeting and preventative approaches. Child Rights Connect co-sponsored the event together with our member World Vision, who were part of the panel and offered good practices from Sweden and Serbia, stressing that consultative mechanisms must include children and the important role of civil society, including teachers and parents, in supporting integrated child protection systems.

8. Relevant activities of Child Rights Connect during the session (as of October 2017)

  • Between 4-8 October, Child Rights Connect actively participated in the Strategic Litigation Retreat for Migrant Lawyers (FAIR Project). During this exciting workshop, migrant lawyers from seven EU countries (Italy, Ireland, Greece, Malta, Germany, Bulgaria and Spain) as well as representatives from the International Commission of Jurists and the AIRE centre met in Geneva to discuss about cases of migrant children to bring before the CRC Committee and other international and regional mechanisms in order to advance the normative framework.
  • The Permanent Missions of Chile, Ireland, Japan, Sierra Leone and Tunisia, in collaboration with Child Rights Connect, CIVICUS and Save the Children organized a side-event titled “Protecting Civil Society for and with Children: Opportunities and Challenges” during the 36th Human Rights Council Session. The opening remarks were delivered by his Excellency Mr. Michael Gaffey, Irish Ambassador and Ms. Kate Gilmore, Deputy High Commissioner for Human Rights. The panel was moderated by Mr. Benyam Dawit Mezmur, Member and Former Chairperson of the CRC Committee, and Professor Laura Lundy from the Centre for Children’s Rights, Queen’s University Belfast, Ms. Beatrice Schulter from Child Rights Connect, and Mr. Tor Hodenfield from CIVICUS, were speakers on the panel. Children from Zambia and the Philippines were able to follow the event online and to share their questions and concerns with the panel.  Watch the broadcast of the event on Child Rights Connect’s Facebook page.
  • Child Rights Connect held a reception for the members of the Committee on the Rights of  the Child and the members of Child Rights Connect’s Executive Committee.

9. OHCHR issues and priorities
At the opening session  Mr. Orest Nowosad, Chief of the Groups in Focus Section, Human Rights Treaties Division of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, delivered a statement where he highlighted:

  • With a view to support States in their reporting obligations. The OHCHR had conducted sub-regional training-of-trainers workshops on treaty body reporting, providing support at national level, including on National Mechanisms for Reporting and Follow-up, as well as training methodologies for State officials. As a result of this training, Botswana, Cape Verde, Lesotho, St. Kitts and Nevis and Seychelles had already submitted or are in the process of submitting their respective reports under the CRC.
  • During the Human Rights Council session in June 2017, the OHCHR had presented its analytical study on the relationship between climate change and enjoyment of the rights of the child, and the Council had adopted the resolution 35/14 on youth and human rights.
  • The State support to raise fundraising for the Global Study of Children Deprived of Liberty had thus far been disappointing.
  • The report “Leading the realization of human rights to health and through health”, prepared by the High Level Working Group on Health and Human Rights of Women, Children and Adolescents had been presented to the High Commissioner for Human Rights and Director General of the World Health organization, as a call for action.
  • The OHCHR and the WHO were developing a joint work plan to identify the areas where efforts on promoting health and human rights could be supported in the context of the work of the treaty bodies.
  • There was a need for concerted efforts to increase States’ awareness of OPIC.

10. 78th pre-session
The Committee held the pre-session meetings and issued List of Issues for the following six States:

  • Algeria (OPAC)
  • Angola (CRC, OPSC, OPAC)
  • Argentina (CRC)
  • Lesotho (CRC)
  • Montenegro (CRC)
  • Norway (CRC)

Deadlines for additional information from children’s rights defenders here.

11. Closing session

  • At the closing session, Committee Rapporteur Mr. Bernard Gastaud presented the report on the intersessional activities of the Committee experts.

1. Election of the new Chairperson
As per its rules of procedures, the Chairperson’s term is two-years not renewable. On the first day of the session, the Committee members elected a new Chairperson, Ms. Renate WINTER from Austria, who replaced the member from Ethiopia, Benyam Dawit Mezmur.
A new bureau was also elected: Ms. Suzanne AHO ASSOUM (Vice Chairperson), Ms. Olga a. KHAZOVA (Vice Chairperson), Mr. Clarence NELSON (Vice Chairperson), Mr. José Angel RODRÍGUEZ REYES (Vice Chairperson) and Mr. Bernard GASTAUD (Rapporteur).

2. New CRC members started
Cephas LUMINA
Mikiko OTANI
Ann Marie SKELTON
Luis Ernesto PEDERNERA REYNA
Velina TODOROVA

3. List of States reviewed (Reviewed Reports, Concluding Observations, Child Rights Connect Session Reports)
At its 75th session (15 May – 9 June 2017) the Committee reviewed the reports and issued Concluding Observations for eight States:

For the first time in the Treaty Bodies system, the webcast of Cameroon, Lebanon, Mongolia and Qatar was done in English and the national language, even if not a UN language as in the case of Mongolia.

4. Children participation monitor
Analysis of how children’s participation was addressed by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child during its 75th session

5. Status of ratifications (as of June 2017)

  • 196 States parties to the CRC
  • 166 States parties to the OPAC
  • 173 States parties to the OPSC
  • 34 States parties to the OPIC – Since last session in January 2017, five more States have ratified OPIC: Croatia, Liechtenstein, Paraguay, Panama and Switzerland

6. Status of work on General Comments (as of June 2017)
The Committee continued to work on the joint General Comment on children in the context of international migration and held regional consultations in Madrid, Bangkok, and Mexico; and Global consultation in Geneva and Berlin to gather comments on a zero draft.
Child Rights Connect attended the consultation in Geneva on 2nd May and raised the need to ensure child participation throughout the process.

7. Status of implementation of OPIC
As of June 2017, 3 cases have been declared inadmissible (J.A.B.S. v. Costa Rica, A.A.A. v. Spain and A.H.A. v. Spain), 1 case has been discontinued (case No. 9) and 14 cases are under consideration by the Committee. The Committee published a table with the pending cases on OPIC to encourage third party interventions (amicus curiae), following the good practice of CESCR.
The current Working Group of Committee members in charge of OPIC is:

  • Renate Winter (Chairperson and Rapporteur on OPIC)
  • Kirsten Sandberg
  • Amal Salman Aldoseri
  • Gehad Madi
  • Jorge Cardona
  • Jose Angel Rodriguez Reyes
  • Nelson Clarence
  • Hynd Ayoubi Idrissi
  • Bernard Gastaud

The first four members will rotate in January 2018 to leave the place to other members to join.

8. Relevant activities of the Committee during the session

  • The Committee published the report of the Day of General Discussion on Children’s Rights and the Environment that took place in 2016.
  • The Committee’s Working Group on the Simplified Reporting Procedure (SRP) met several times during the session to take decisions on how children’s rights defenders, including children, can engage.
  • The Committee’s Working Group on child participation was reconstituted and met to discuss the follow-up to the March 2017 retreat on child participation, which was organised by Child Rights Connect. The Working Group is currently composed of the members below:
    – Kirsten Sandberg (coordinator)
    – Amal Salaman Aldoseri
    – Suzanne Aho Assouma
    – Jorge Cardona
    – Bernard Gastaud
    – Clarence Nelson
    – Luis Pedernera

9. Committee and OHCHR priority issues

  • Strengthening the Treaty Body system by harmonizing working methods and simplifying procedures, as provided by the General Assembly Resolution 68/268.
  • Promote a rights-based approach to health trough the recent established OHCHR-WHO High Level Working Group on the Health and Human Rights of Women, Children and Adolescents.
  • Call for funds and support for the UN Global Study on Children Deprived of Liberty.
  • Preparation for next year’s Annual Day of the Rights of the Child topic around children in the context of humanitarian emergencies.
  • Continue advocacy efforts to ensure that the rights of children on the move are fully reflected, implemented and operationalized on the Global Compact for Safe, Regular and Orderly Migration and on the Global compact on Refugees.
  • Strengthen children’s participation and include SDGs related issues in the Committee’s working methods.

For more information, check out the speeches from Ibrahim Salama, Chief, Human Rights Treaties Branch, and the former Chairperson, Benyam Mezmur’s at the opening session, as well as the current Chairperson Renate Winter’s closing speech at the closing session.

10. 77th pre-session
Committee hold pre-sessional working group meetings and issued List of Issues for:

  • Guatemala (CRC)
  • Palau (CRC)
  • Panama (CRC)
  • Marshall Islands (CRC)
  • Seychelles (CRC)
  • Spain (CRC)
  • Solomon Islands (CRC)
  • Sri Lanka (CRC)

Deadlines for additional info from children’s rights defenders here.

11. Committee and OHCHR priority issues

  • On 12 May, Child Rights Connect and UNICEF met with the new CRC members during their induction day organised by OHCHR to present who we are and what we do.
  • Child Rights Connect’s Task Force on Simplified Reporting Procedure (SRP) held meetings with the Committee’s Working group on SRP to give inputs and ensure civil society participation in this new reporting process. As part of the Task Force work, Child Rights Connect developed an FAQs document on SRP to be disseminated at the national level.

Child Rights Connect’s Working group on children of incarcerated parents held a private meeting with the Committee to brief, discuss and recommend the Committee about the rights of children of incarcerated parents.

1. List of States reviewed (Reviewed Reports, Concluding Observations, Child Rights Connect Session Reports)
At its 74th session (16 January – 3 February 2017) the Committee reviewed the reports and issued Concluding Observations for eight States:

2. Children participation monitor
Analysis of how children’s participation was addressed by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child during its 74th session

3. Status of ratifications (as of March 2017)

  • 196 States parties to the CRC
  • 166 States parties to the OPAC
  • 173 States parties to the OPSC
  • 32 States parties to the OPIC

4. Status of work on General Comments (as of March 2017)

  • The General Comment on the rights of adolescents was launched.
  • A new General Comment on children in street situation was adopted by the Committee and will be published soon on OHCHR website.
  • The Committee continued to work on the General Comment on children in the context of international migration and announced that regional consultations are started to be planned.

Status of individual communications

  • Inadmissible cases:

55 individual communications were rejected: 25 communications were from non-State parties, 14 were information requests from States, 4 did not exhaust domestic remedies, in 2 cases the violation happened before the Optional Protocol entered into force, 2 communications were contact letters showing interest in the Protocol, in 1 case there was a language problem, 3 have not yet finalized the legal procedures and 4 other additional cases.
3 decisions had been taken on admissibility so far. All 3 cases have been declared inadmissible. Recent jurisprudence on OHCHR website

  • Pending cases:

6 cases pending decisions: 1 was granted interim measures and is ready for decision, 1 is not ready for decision due to translation issues, 1 was granted interim measures and waiting for the comments of the author, 1 was granted interim measures and waiting for the State answers to determine its admissibility, 1 was granted interim measures but the State did not respect them and the Committee is waiting for the State’s reply to its questions, and finally 1 is pending for revision since it was submitted recently.
For more information, check out the 74th closing session here.

5. Relevant activities of the Committee during the session

  • The Committee worked on the report of the Day of General Discussion on Children’s Rights and the Environment that took place in 2016. The report is published here.
  • The Committee held its 9th informal meeting with States. In this occasion, Committee members informed the permanent missions to the UN in Geneva about recent developments in relation to: The Global Study on the situation of children deprived of liberty; the Simplified Reporting Procedure; the Optional Protocol on a communications procedure; and the new methodology for concluding observations with urgent measures for countries that have been reviewed more than two times.

6. Committee and OHCHR priority issues

  • Strengthening the Treaty Body system by harmonizing working methods and simplifying procedures, as provided by the General Assembly Resolution 68/268.
  • Advocate with States for the ratification of the third Optional Protocol on a communications procedure.
  • Implement the 2030 agenda from an integrated children’s rights based approach focusing in those children left behind and those furthest left behind.
  • Support the UN Global Study on Children Deprived of Liberty.
  • Addressing the direct link between violations of children’s rights and armed conflict in topics like killing and maiming, abduction, sexual violence, child and youth recruitment, attacks on schools and hospitals, and denial of humanitarian access in Afghanistan, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo and Israel, Colombia, Nigeria, Philippines and Pakistan, and others.

CRC/Integrated: Eritrea, EthiopiaGhana, Honduras, Mexico, Netherlands
OPAC: Honduras, Laos, Netherlands
OPSC: Honduras, Israel, Laos

CRC/Integrated: Colombia – Dominican Republic – Iraq – Jamaica – Mauritius –  Sweden –Switzerland – Tanzania – The Gambia – Turkmenistan – Uruguay
OPAC: Cambodia – Iraq – Turkmenistan – Uruguay
OPSC: Cambodia – Iraq – Switzerland – Turkmenistan – Uruguay

CRC/Integrated: Croatia – Fiji – Hungary – Morocco – Venezuela
OPAC: Hungary – Morocco – Singapore – Venezuela
OPSC: Hungary – Venezuela

CRC/Integrated: Jordan – Kyrgyzstan – India – Indonesia – St. Lucia
OPAC: Jordan – India
OPSC: Jordan – UK – India

CRC/Integrated: Congo – Germany – Holy See – Portugal – Russian Federation – Yemen
OPAC: Holy See – Portugal – Russian Federation – Yemen
OPSC: Holy See – Portugal

CRC/Integrated: China – Kuwait – Lithuania – Luxembourg – Monaco – Sao Tomé – Tuvalu
OPAC: China – Paraguay
OPSC: Paraguay – Republic of Moldova

CRC/Integrated: Armenia – Guinea Bissau – Israel – Rwanda – Slovenia – Uzbekistan
OPAC: Armenia – Rwanda – Uzbekistan
OPSC: Armenia – Rwanda – Uzbekistan

CRC/Integrated: Guinea – Guyana – Malta – Niue
OPAC: Burkina Faso – Slovakia – United States
OPSC: Burkina Faso – Philippines – Slovakia – United States

CRC/Integrated: Albania – Andorra – Austria – Bosnia and Herzegovina – Canada – Liberia –Namibia
OPAC: Albania
OPSC: Albania – Canada

CRC/Integrated: Algeria – Australia – Cyprus – Greece – Turkey – Vietnam
OPAC: Australia – Greece
OPSC: Australia – Greece – Nepal

CRC/Integrated: Argentina – Belgium – FYR Macedonia – Grenada – Japan – Nigeria – Tunisia
OPSC: Argentina – Belgium – Colombia – Japan – FYR of Macedonia – Serbia
OPAC: Argentina – Colombia – Japan – FYR of Macedonia – Serbia

CRC/Integrated: Burkina Faso – Cameroon – Ecuador – El Salvador – Mongolia – Norway –Paraguay – Tajikistan
OPSC: Ecuador – El Salvador – Estonia – Mongolia
OPAC: Ecuador – Israel – Liechtenstein – Mongolia

Overall Report

CRC/Integrated: Bolivia – Mozambique – Pakistan – Philippines – Qatar
OPSC: Poland – Yemen
OPAC: Poland – Turkey

Overall Report

CRC/Integrated: Bangladesh – France – Mauritania – Niger – Romania –  Sweden
OPSC: Oman – Slovenia
OPAC: Oman – Slovenia

Overall Report

CRC/Integrated: Chad –DPR Korea –DR Congo- Malawi –Moldova – Netherlands
OPAC: Maldives – Moldova– Tunisia
OPSC: Maldives –Netherlands

CRC/Integrated:: Dominican Republic – Timor-Leste
OPSC: Chile – Kuwait – Timor-Leste
OPAC: Chile – Germany – Kuwait – Timor-Leste

CRC/Integrated:: Kazakhstan – Maldives – Slovak Republic – Uruguay
OPSC: Bangladesh – Guatemala – Sudan – Ukraine
OPAC: Guatemala – Monaco – Norway – Sweden

CRC/Integrated: Chile – Honduras – Kenya – Malaysia – Mali– Marshall Islands* – Suriname
OPSC: Costa Rica – Kyrgyzstan
OPAC: Costa Rica – Kyrgyzstan
*The report of the Marshall Islands was examined in a private technical review in the absence of a government delegation.

CRC/Integrated: Benin – DR Congo – Ethiopia – Ireland – Jordan – Kiribati – Oman – Samoa Senegal – Swaziland
OPSC: Denmark – Syria – Vietnam
OPAC: Kazakhstan – Malta* – Vietnam

*The report of the Malta was examined in a private technical review thus there is no dialogue available.

CRC/Integrated: Colombia – Latvia – Lebanon – Mexico – Tanzania – Turkmenistan –Uzbekistan
OPSC: Iceland – Italy – Qatar – Turkey
OPAC: El Salvador – Iceland – Italy

CRC/Integrated: Azerbaijan – Ghana – Hungary – Lithuania – Liechtenstein – Mauritius – Peru [English] [Español] – Saudi Arabia – Thailand – Trinidad and Tobago
OPSC: Andorra – Kazakhstan – Morocco
OPAC: Andorra – Bangladesh – Switzerland

CRC/Integrated: Australia – Algérie [Français] – People’s Republic of China (including Hong Kong and Macao) – Denmark – Finland – Russia – Uganda
OPSC: People’s Republic of China

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